What area of Los Angeles does this historical map depict?

What area of Los Angeles does this historical map depict?

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What area of Los Angeles does this historical map depict?

That appears to be the survey of LA drawn out by Lieutenant Edward Ord in 1849.

If so, then the Fort Street in the grid-like area in the upper left area of the map later became Broadway street. Hill Street, the next over from Fort Street on the survey, is still the next street NW from Broadway today.

As for where on Broadway that is, I'd say its almost certainly centered around 1'st St. For one thing, LA's grid bends a bit there much like the bend on this map. But more importantly, cities tend to grow outward, with the center of their downtowns typically occupying the area of original settlement.

The Evolving Urban Form: Los Angeles

Los Angeles has grown more than any major metropolitan region in the high income world except for Tokyo since the beginning of the twentieth century, and also since 1950. In 1900, the city (municipality, see Note) of Los Angeles had little over 100,000 people and ranked 36th in population in the nation behind Allegheny, Pennsylvania (which has since merged with Pittsburgh) and St. Joseph Missouri (which has since lost more than one quarter of its population).

As people moved West in the intervening decades and especially after World War II, the Los Angeles area exploded in population. By 1960, the Los Angeles metropolitan area, which was then and is now composed of Los Angeles and Orange counties, had passed Chicago to become second in population only to the New York metropolitan area. It was to take considerably longer for the city of Los Angeles to pass the city of Chicago as the nation’s second largest municipality, though this occurred by the 1990 census.

The Los Angeles combined statistical area (analogous to the former consolidated metropolitan statistical area) is made up of three metropolitan areas, Los Angeles, Riverside – San Bernardino and Oxnard (Ventura County). This combined area covers 35,000 square miles or more than 90,000 square kilometers. This is a land area nearly as large as that of Hungary and larger than Austria. The overwhelming share of the CSA is rural, with less than 10 percent of the land area developed.

Growth from 1900: The CSA had only 250,000 people in 1900, though grew to nearly 5,000,000 in 1950. By 2010, the population was nearing 18 million, a figure not much less than that of Australia, at 22 million (Table 1). Indeed until 1990 the Los Angeles CSA population was closing in on Australia. However, since that time population growth in the Los Angeles area has slowed considerably and Australia should remain larger.

The city of Los Angeles had grown 88 percent from 1950 to 2000, but over the past decade added only three percent to its population. Even more spectacular declines in growth occurred in the rest of the CSA. For example, Orange County had grown 1200 percent between 1950 and 2000 yet grew only six percent in the last decade.

Growth: 2000 to 2010: The population growth in the Los Angeles CSA was widely dispersed and away from the core. The central area (urban core) of the city Los Angeles extends from the Santa Monica Mountains to South Los Angeles and from the boundaries of Beverly Hills, West Hollywood and Culver City to East Los Angeles grew only 0.7 percent. Uniquely, the central area densified strongly between 1960 and 2000, while other urban cores nearly all declined in population, whether in the United States or Western Europe. Much of this was due to strong immigration from Mexico, other parts of Latin America, as well as Asia.

The inner suburban ring, which includes the balance of Los Angeles County south of the Santa Susana and San Gabriel Mountains as well as the older northwestern Orange County suburbs grew by 1.5 percent. Within this area, 32 inner suburbs (all in Los Angeles County) grew from 1.766 million to 1.767 million (0.1 percent) from 2000 to 2010 (Note 2).

The outer suburbs, which include the balance of Orange County (including the Mission Viejo urban area) and the western portions of Riverside and San Bernardino counties (including the Riverside – San Bernardino urban area) grew 19 percent.

The exurban areas, which include areas outside the core urban areas of Los Angeles, Riverside-San Bernardino and Mission Viejo grew 30 percent. The hot spots included Ventura County, the Santa Clarita Valley, the Antelope Valley, the Victorville-Hesperia area, the Coachella Valley (Indio-Palm Springs), the Hemet area and the Temecula-Murrieta area. An argument could be made that Temecula-Murrieta would be in the San Diego metropolitan area if metropolitan areas were defined by smaller area units, such as municipalities (as in Canada) or census tracts. The exurban areas are more attractive to residents at least in part because of considerably less expensive housing and their greater availability of detached houses than in the three core urban areas.

More remote areas of the desert extending to the Nevada and Arizona borders added 42 percent to their population (Table 2, Figure 1 and 2).

City of Los Angeles: The dispersion of population was also evident in the city of Los Angeles. For decades, the city of Los Angeles has grown strongly. Approximately one-quarter of this growth since 1960 has been the densifying central area, as noted above.

However, little noted is the fact that most of the city's growth was greenfield suburban in nature, built at low and moderate densities and largely car-oriented. For most of the past fifty years the growth has been “over the hill” in the San Fernando Valley, a formerly rural area which was annexed by the city before 1930. Between 1950 and 2010, the population of the San Fernando Valley grew from 300,000 to 1,400,000. Thus, the Valley grew like virtually every fast-growing historical core city in the nation that has grown since 1950, by filling up empty land (Figure 3).

Much has been written about the “Manhattanization” of the Los Angeles core. However, with only 13 towers more than 550 feet, downtown Los Angeles is no threat to Manhattan, with more than 125, or even Chicago with more than 70. Further, job growth is stagnant, with virtually no change in private sector employment over the last decade, despite substantial government subsidies.

Between 2000 and 2010, the central area grew at its slowest rate since the 1950s, growing by only 0.7 percent to its population, growing only 12,000 (to 1,764,000) or barely 12 percent of the city's growth. Nonetheless, and contrary to the reputation of Los Angeles, the central area is very densely populated, at approximately 14,000 people per square mile, with the highest density census tracts having more than 90,000 residents per square mile. Among the nation's largest municipalities, only New York and San Francisco are denser than central Los Angeles.

The big story in growth was on periphery. The San Fernando Valley captured 70 percent of the city's growth in the 2000s, with considerable greenfield expansion in the hills north of Chatsworth and Northridge. Even so, the Valley's growth was only five percent. The western portion of the city, which extends from the Santa Monica Mountains to Los Angeles International Airport, grew three percent and accounted for 13 percent of the city's growth. The Harbor area added two percent to its population and accounted for five percent of the city's growth (Figure 4).

The Future: Growth or Stagnation? After more than a century of spectacular growth, Los Angeles demographic juggernaut is stagnating and could conceivably go in reverse due to declining immigration, an exodus of middle class and working class families. Indeed Even the strong growth in the outer suburbs and exurbs was not sufficient to drag the regional population increase (9 percent) up to the national rate of 10 percent between 2000 and 2010.

The immediate prognosis should be for even slower growth. The financial, regulatory and cost of living disadvantages of California are widely recognized by households and businesses alike. With stronger regulations in the offing, such as the stronger land use restrictions likely to occur as a result of Senate Bill 375, any future growth on the periphery could be dampened. Even with multi-billion support in terms of tax breaks and public investment, the central core seems unlikely to come close to making much of a real difference, at least beyond the media. Los Angeles may not be on the road to Rust Belt stagnation, but the dynamism of the last century is no more.

Note 1: In this article, the term "city" means municipality.

Note 2: This includes municipalities and census designated places nearest the central area of the city of Los Angeles, from Glendale and Pasadena through Monterey Park to South Gate, Compton and Gardena and to the west of the central area.

Note 3: Biographical Note: The author was born in the Echo Park district, near downtown Los Angeles.

Photograph: Downtown Los Angeles from Echo Park (by author)

Wendell Cox is a Visiting Professor, Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, Paris and the author of “War on the Dream: How Anti-Sprawl Policy Threatens the Quality of Life”

Built for the mother-in-law of Dr. Granville MacGowan, whose family had the home next door, the Briggs Residence was built so that people could flow easily between the two large Alpine Craftsman houses. The mansions were built “within months of each other” by the firm Hudson & Munsell. Now owned by the same organization that saved the Guasti Mansion, the Movement of Spiritual Inner Awareness, the Briggs Residence is closed to the public and serves as housing for MSIA employees.

Given monument status for its Mission Revival Craftsman style, the single-family Hauerwaas house was built in 1914 for Lucy Hauerwaas, the widow of John A. Hauerwaas, a real estate investor.

Among the house's exceptional details are a flat roof, a serrated parapet, and an arching portico, says the report for its Historic-Cultural Monument status. The house was purchased in 1937 by second generation Japanese-American Dr. Masako Kusayanagi, who stayed there with her family until they were forced to move to the Manzanar internment camp during World War II.

What area of Los Angeles does this historical map depict? - History

Opening Ceremony for the 1984 Summer Olympics at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum | Photo: IOC

1984 - Los Angeles becomes the only U.S. city to host the Summer Olympic Games twice.
1984 - Los Angeles becomes the first city in America with two telephone area codes, as the San Fernando and San Gabriel valleys are designated as 818.
1984 - A new international terminal opens at LAX, named for Mayor Tom Bradley. Today, some 30 airlines operate out of this terminal.

1984 - The Mazda Miata is designed in Los Angeles. In addition to Mazda, Honda, Nissan, Toyota, Volkswagen, Volvo and the "Big Three" U.S. automobile manufacturers all have design centers in LA.
1984 - The San Diego Clippers move to LA.

1986 - Running on Olympic fever, the first City of Los Angeles Marathon takes place. It is the largest first-time marathon, at nearly 11,000 people.

1987 - Pope John Paul II visits Los Angeles. His activities include meeting with communications industry leaders and celebrating two outdoor masses.

1987 - James Ellroy’s The Black Dahlia is published, the first of his series of Los Angeles novels, which also includes L.A. Confidential.

Kirk Gibson circles the bases after his legendary home run&nbsp| Photo: Los Angeles Dodgers

1988 - Dodgers outfielder Kirk Gibson hits his legendary World Series home run, widely considered the greatest sports moment in L.A. history.
1988 - The Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum opens.

1990 - Nelson Mandela visits Los Angeles as part of a historic 12-day, 8-city tour of the U.S. Mandela stays at the Millennium Biltmore and addresses a crowd of 70,000 at the Coliseum: "We could not have left the United States without visiting the city which daily nourished the dreams of millions of people the world over."
1990 - US Bank Tower opens. At 73 stories, it would be the tallest building on the West Coast for nearly three decades.
1990 - The Hammer Museum opens in Westwood.

1990 - When the Metro Blue Line connects Downtown to Long Beach, light-rail for commuters returns to the Los Angeles area.

1991 - Lakers star Magic Johnson retires, announcing that he is HIV-positive, giving HIV/AIDS a new platform and making it clear that this disease can affect anyone.

1991 - The 310 area code comes into use for western, southern and eastern Los Angeles.

1992 - Esa-Pekka Salonen takes the baton as conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic.

1992 - Opening of the Japanese-American National Museum in Little Tokyo, the only museum in the United States telling the story of Japanese Americans.

1992 - Jay Leno takes over as host of The Tonight Show. "Jaywalking" begins.

1993 - The Museum of Tolerance opens in West LA. Although focused on the Nazi Holocaust, it also examines general issues of tolerance and racism.

Steve McQueen's 1956 Jaguar XKSS at the Petersen Automotive Museum | Photo: Wikimedia Commons

1994 - The Petersen Automotive Museum, one of the world's largest automotive museums, opens on Museum Row at the corner of Fairfax and Wilshire. The museum now spans 100,000 square feet of exhibits, 25 galleries, and over 300 vehicles in its collection.

1994 - The eyes of the world are focused on L.A. as football great O.J. Simpson is arrested for the murder of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman, following a spectacular slow-speed car chase. “If it doesn’t fit, you must acquit” soon enters the American lexicon.

1994 - The FIFA World Cup is held at venues throughout the United States. Brazil beat Italy 3-2 on penalties in the final match at Rose Bowl Stadium.

Statue of Liberty exhibit at Skirball Cultural Center | Photo: Yuri Hasegawa

1996 - The Skirball Cultural Center opens in Brentwood as a museum of Jewish history and culture.
1996 - The first Los Angeles Times Festival of Books is held. Today more than 150,000 attend the weekend event, making it the largest festival of its kind in the country.
1996 - LA Galaxy begins play as one of eight charter members of Major League Soccer.
1996 - The Museum of Latin American Art (MOLAA) is founded in Long Beach and serves the greater Los Angeles area. MOLAA is the only museum in the United States dedicated to modern and contemporary Latin American and Latino art.

Views of the Central Garden and Pacific Ocean at the Getty Center | Photo: Yuri Hasegawa

1997 - Perched on a hilltop above Brentwood, Getty Center opens with views of the entire Los Angeles Basin. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Richard Meier designed the buildings with a façade of travertine marble - the Central Garden by Robert Irwin draws equal praise.

1998 - Hey man, The Big Lebowski is released and Jeff Bridges' The Dude becomes a pop culture icon.
1998 - The area surrounding the Downtown LA core is given the area code 323.

STAPLES Center | Photo: Yuri Hasegawa

1999 - STAPLES Center opens, the new home for pro basketball and hockey teams and the beginning of a renaissance in Downtown Los Angeles.

1999 - The United States beats China in the FIFA Women's World Cup Final at Rose Bowl Stadium. Brandi Chastain celebrating her winning penalty kick has since become an iconic image of women’s athletics in the U.S. Twenty years to the day, Chastain was immortalized with a bronze statue that was unveiled outside Rose Bowl Stadium on July 10, 2019.

2000 - A section of East Hollywood is designated as America’s first and only Thai Town. So many ethnic Thais live in Los Angeles (roughly 80,000), that the city is sometimes referred to as Thailand’s 77th province.

Hollywood &amp Highland | Photo: Yuri Hasegawa

2001 - The Kodak Theatre opens as the new venue for the Academy Awards ceremony (it was renamed the Dolby Theatre in 2012). Hollywood & Highland, a retail and entertainment center that also has an eye toward Hollywood history, opens next door.
2001 - Amoeba Music opens on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood. Occupying an entire city block, the massive store features the biggest, broadest, and most diverse collection of music and movies ever housed under one roof.

2002 - The 11-story Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels opens in Downtown LA, replacing St. Vibiana’s as the main center of worship for the archdiocese. The contemporary design by a Spanish Pritzker Prize-winning architect, José Rafael Moneo, has virtually no right angles and a plaza that evokes Old World cathedrals.

2003 - Walt Disney Concert Hall, designed by Los Angeles-based Pritzker Prize-winning architect Frank Gehry and the home of the acclaimed Los Angeles Philharmonic, opens in Downtown LA and instantly becomes an iconic architectural emblem for the city.
2003 - Home Depot Center opens in Carson. Now known as Dignity Health Sports Park, the multi-use sports complex is located on the campus of Cal State Dominguez Hills and features a soccer stadium (home pitch of the LA Galaxy), tennis stadium, track and field facility, and a world-class velodrome, the VELO Sports Center.

2005 - Antonio Villaraigosa becomes mayor of Los Angeles, the city’s first mayor of Hispanic descent since 1872. After his election, Newsweek features him on the cover with the headline “Latino Power.”

Outer Peristyle Garden at the Getty Villa | Photo: Yuri Hasegawa

2006 - Following years of renovations, the Getty Museum in Pacific Palisades reopens as the Getty Villa, housing the foundation’s significant collection of Greek, Roman and Etruscan antiquities.

2006 - The Griffith Observatory reopens after extensive renovations, including the Leonard Nimoy Event Horizon Theater, named for the actor who played Mr. Spock on the original Star Trek series.

2006 - City population is 3,976,071. Los Angeles County population is 10,245,572 - it's by far the nation’s largest county.

Microsoft Plaza at night | Photo: L.A. LIVE

2008 - L.A. LIVE opens in Downtown LA.
2008 - The GRAMMY Museum opens to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the Grammy Awards. The museum educates visitors about the history and cultural significance of American music through exciting exhibitions, innovative programming, and cutting-edge interactives.
2008 - The Broad Contemporary Art Museum (BCAM), one of the largest collections of contemporary art in the world, opens at LACMA.

2009 - Madame Tussauds opens in Hollywood and the Annenberg Space for Photography opens in Century City.

2010 - Angels Flight reopens, connecting the historic and financial districts of Bunker Hill.
2010 - The first CicLAvia takes place. Inspired by Bogotá’s weekly ciclovía, CicLAvia temporarily closes streets to car traffic and opens them for Angelenos to use as a public park. More than 1.6 million people have experienced CicLAvia, making it the biggest open streets event in the U.S.

2011 - In Downtown LA, La Plaza de Cultura y Artes opens across from the Olvera Street marketplace, and Dinosaur Hall opens at the Natural History Museum.
2011 - The Los Angeles Philharmonic extends music director Gustavo Dudamel's contract through the end of the 2018-2019 season, the orchestra's 100-year anniversary.

The Space Shuttle Endeavour at the California Science Center | Photo: Yuri Hasegawa

2012 - Transformers: The Ride-3D launches at Universal Studios Hollywood, and the Space Shuttle Endeavour goes on public display at the California Science Center.

2012 - Battleship IOWA celebrates its grand opening as a floating museum. The "Battleship of Presidents" is permanently docked at Berth 87 at the Port of Los Angeles in San Pedro.

2012 - The Los Angeles Kings win the first Stanley Cup in franchise history.

2013 - Eric Garcetti becomes L.A.'s first elected Jewish mayor and its youngest in more than a century.

2013 - Several of L.A.'s cultural landmarks celebrate milestone anniversaries: Walt Disney Concert Hall (10th), Fowler Museum (50th), Hollywood Sign (90th), Natural History Museum (100th).

Yayoi Kusama, "Longing for Eternity," 2017 [detail]. Photo by Maris Hutchinson/EPW Studio. Image © Yayoi Kusama. Courtesy David Zwirner, New York Ota Fine Arts, Tokyo/Singapore/Shanghai Victoria Miro, London/Venice Yayoi Kusama Inc.

2014 - Hotel openings include The Ace Hotel Downtown Los Angeles and LINE Hotel in Koreatown.
2014 - Despicable Me: Minion Mayhem opens at Universal Studios Hollywood.
2014 - Cultural milestones include the Music Center's 50th anniversary and the opening of The Broad contemporary art museum in Downtown LA.

2015 - Fast & Furious - Supercharged and The Simpsons Ride open at Universal Studios Hollywood.
2015 - Los Angeles hosts the Special Olympics World Games, the largest sports and humanitarian event in the world in 2015.

Skyslide at OUE Skyspace | Photo: Yuri Hasegawa

2016 - The Rams return to Los Angeles after a 22-year hiatus.
2016 - The Wizarding World of Harry Potter opens at Universal Studios Hollywood, OUE Skyspace opens at the US Bank Tower, and the Metro Expo Line connects Downtown LA and the Santa Monica Pier.

Presidential candidate Senator Barack Obama greets supporters at a rally at the Rancho Cienega Sports Complex in Los Angeles&nbsp| Photo: Barack Obama,&nbspFlickr

2017 - The Los Angeles City Council unanimously approves the motion to rename 3.5 miles of Rodeo Road at the Rancho Cienega Sports Complex in South L.A. as Obama Boulevard.

2017 - Grand Central Market celebrates its centennial and Angels Flight reopens.
2017 - The Marciano Foundation, backed by Guess Jeans brothers Maurice and Paul Marciano, opens a free contemporary art museum in Koreatown.

Gustavo Dudamel conducts the LA Phil | Photo: Hollywood Bowl, Facebook

2018 - The Los Angeles Philharmonic celebrates its centennial season.

2018 - Banc of California Stadium, home of the Los Angeles Football Club, opens at Exposition Park.
2018 - Bradley Cooper's remake of A Star is Born features the showstopper "Shallow," the duet with Lady Gaga and Cooper that wins the Oscar for Best Original Song.
2018 - The Venice Pride Lifeguard Tower is dedicated to Bill Rosendahl, the first openly gay man elected to the L.A. City Council.

Water drop at Jurassic World - The Ride | Photo:&nbspUniversal Studios Hollywood

2019 - Jurassic World: The Ride opens at Universal Studios Hollywood.
2019 - UCLA, Musso & Frank Grill and The Huntington Library celebrate their centennials.

2019 - The Los Angeles LGBT Center celebrates "50 Years of Queer," the Petersen Automotive Museum celebrates its 25th anniversary, and STAPLES Center celebrates its 20th anniversary.
2019 - Quentin Tarantino's "love letter to LA," Once Upon a Time in Hollywood opens to critical acclaim. It would later land 10 Oscar nominations spanning nearly every major category including Best Picture, Best Director and nods for leads Leonardo DiCaprio and Brad Pitt.

Favorite restaurants from the past

Today I was driving down Central Ave., and I passed by the old Pannekucken (sp?) building which, in recent years, has been occupied by various Indian restaurants with little to no success. Anyway, I remember my parents taking me to this Pannekucken when I was a kid, and I started to think about all of the restaurants that I enjoyed that are no longer around.

Here's my list in no certain order:

1. Shakey's Pizza. Enough Said.

2. Skippers (The AYCE fried fish was a steal back in it's day)

3. The fast food Chinese restaurant on Hennepin in Uptown (I think it was called Chinese Express). It's heyday was in the 90's, when you could actually order your food so spicy, you'd break a sweat. It was housed in an old Rax building and after it closed became a Thai restaurant. The broccoli with crispy garlic in brown sauce almost turned me into a vegetarian.

4. Rocky Rococco's pizza in Dinkytown. That was some good pizza (There is still a location open in Brooklyn Park, but the pizza is not the same as it was back in 1992).

5. The old Rainbow Cafe in Uptown. Best turtle cheesecake ever.

6. Benjamins (Roseville location). I swear they had the thickest cut onion rings you have ever seen. There would be like one whole large onion per order. The neon orange dipping sauce that came with them looked nasty, but it was delicious.

7. Mother Tuckers (Roseville location). Because when you are 16, that name is just funny. Although they did make a mean patty melt, and if I am not mistaken, they were one of the first restaurants in town to offer Buffalo Wings (circa 1987).

Technically, admission to the Broad Museum is free, but you need a reservation to get in. That's been a nearly impossible to ticket to obtain ever since they opened in 2015.

Set your GPS or maps app to 221 S. Grand Avenue

  • From the Museum of Contemporary Art: Facing Grand Avenue in front of the museum, go right and cross Grand Avenue at 2nd Street
  • From the Disney Concert Hall and Music Center: Facing Grand Avenue in front of the Disney Hall or Music Center, go right. It is on the same side of the street as the Disney Hall, just past 2nd Street on Grand.
  • If you want to go directly to The Broad from other parts of the city, you can take the Metro to Civic Center or Pershing Square. If you're driving, see the GPS notes above.

The name rhymes with "road" and it's a new contemporary art museum built to house the collections of philanthropists Eli and Edythe Broad and The Broad Art Foundation. The nearly 2,000 works are among the most prominent holdings of postwar and contemporary art worldwide.

The building, designed by Diller Scofidio + Renfro features an airy, honeycomb-like exterior structure that provides filtered natural daylight to the block-long gallery.

L.A.'s Eastside: Where do you draw the line?

For more than a decade a debate over the proper definition of the city&rsquos &ldquoEastside&rdquo has gone unsettled in Los Angeles. Caught in the middle are two clusters of the city’s oldest neighborhoods. There are the historic areas east of the river: Latino neighborhoods such as Boyle Heights. And there’s the new Eastside: hipster enclaves like Silver Lake.

With no official definition, there's no official answer. So we are hosting a debate for readers to draw their own maps and share how they define L.A.&rsquos Eastside.


Silver Lake part of East Los Angeles? More like East Hollywood.

Roots-The Chicano Movement-Birth of the Lowrider -Zoots Suits-Barrios-Self Help Graphics
-East L.A Classic-Food-The Struggle-Family-Jews Synagogs - Japanese temples-
Evergreen cemetery and on and on.

The Eastside to me is defined as the neighborhoods of Los Angeles that lie East of the LA River and East of the 110. This also includes a large part of unincorporated East LA.

These are neighborhoods with a majority Latino working-class demographic.

Also, i define the boundaries by the borderline of the following surrounding cities China Town, Downtown, Commerce, Monterey Park, Montebello, Alhambra & Highland Park.

The newbies can't be serious, there is so much cultural history there.

Los Angeles is no novice to gentrification, but you can tell that once you past Western, Normandie, down to Vermont, the neighborhood changes. Yes, you have hipster, or other less-racially coined ways of saying "white" businesses and residents, but for the most part, it's East LA -- neighborhoods where buildings aren't compounds, railroad houses vs. bungalows, and hills that build upward in a perfect algorithm where the sum does not always equal the greatest income.

Just because higher incomes and racial diversity is spreading beyond the 101 does not mean the Eastside needs to move with it, lest committing socio-economic suicide by keeping lines economically drawn and racially motivated. Poor for poverty's sake is not actually a thing.

I still rent an apartment for $850 a month. An apartment built in 1904 with bad electricity and beautiful craftsman built ins. An apartment that doesn't exist anywhere else in Los Angeles. On a street that four years ago was scary, and today is full of Hispanic and Filipino families, of young 20-something couples, and economic promise that says locking your doors is a precaution . not a necessity. I still eat pupusas. But now, I can walk to a grocery store with fresh produce as I eat it.

East of the LA River
Between the 5 and 10fwt
West of Montebello

I consider Lincoln Heights, Highland Park and El Sereno as NE LA.

I've lived in and around Los Angeles most of my 50 years including in Boyle Hights, Echo Park and now Glassell Park. For most of my life "East" meant east of the L.A. River and "West" meant somewhere west of La Cienega. Silver Lake and Echo Park were just Silver Lake and Echo Park. Glassell Park, Atwater, Highland Park and Eagle Rock were collectively North East LA.

Main is the oldest street in Los Angeles, and 1st & Main is about three blocks south of where our Pueblo, now city, was founded in 1781.

Having not grown up on the Eastside, I don't really have a handle on the Eastside's Eastern border, but I'd say it ends where the City of Los Angeles ends.

I grew up in the Silver Lake/Los Feliz/Echo Park areas.

Until I was 4 we lived on Avenel Street, not far from the Roger Young Village in the Los Feliz area. We then moved in with my Grandmother on Berkeley Avenue, between Glendale and Silverlake Blvds. Her house had been built in the ’20s by my Grandfather.

I played in the Garbetts Estate, now known as Hathaway Hill. I went to Mayberry Street School, Thomas Starr King Jr. Hight and Marshall High. My mother and uncle went to Clifford Elementary, walking through the Sennett Studio on the way. They went to Belmont High.

My Boy Scout Troop met in the basement of the Echo Park United Methodist Church on Alvarado off Sunset.

The area we lived in was called Edendale, between the Echo Park and Silver Lake areas. Some even dared to even call it East Hollywood. The boundaries are so fluid that the area can be called either Echo Park, Silver Lake or, because Edendale still shows on some current maps, Edendale.

It was not then, is not now, and never will be “East Los Angeles,” no matter how desperate current residents want to distinguish themselves from the “Fashionable” West Side of Los Angeles. If residents take off their Rose colored glasses, they will see all of Los Angels as the gritty, dirty, unkempt pot holed ill cared for city that Raymond Chandler put on the literary map.

In sum: Just because Silver Lake area is East of Hollywood does not make it Eastside, unless maybe you're from the Westside, and those folks live way the heck too far away to drive East of the 405 anyway, so they don't get a vote.

"Points North" (Glassell Park, Hancock Park) are more closely associated with Silver Lake or Eagle Rock (people moved there because it's cheaper). Points north are also geographically different than the "Eastside" as defined.

Silver Lake, where I once lived, and Echo Park, Chinatown, etc. are clearly different than the "Eastside," and are more closely associated with DTLA, Hollywood, or Koreatown than the Eastside neighborhoods.

I don't think there's a debate about calling east of DTLA the Eastside, so that's that.

Westsiders think the world ends around La Brea. We need to teach them and the transplants they're misinforming the history of our city.

I used to live in Los Feliz, on Los Feliz Blvd. near Riverside Drive and Griffith Park. Los Feliz is not East L.A., not even close. You could call it East Hollywood but that's it.

I'm fourth generation Angelena. My family is from Boyle Heights and has contributed much to the history and culture of the Eastside, particularly in music. The name is a big deal to us because it is our history for almost 100 years now. Because my family is Mexican-American, does my 100 year cultural history not count? Does someone who has moved here five years ago really get the right to steal my neighborhood's name and historical legacy?

From my experience, in watching the city change over the years, all the the different areas, I can tell you that the Westside, is so, so very different from everything "East of Vermont" and "Downtown". In fact, even "East" Hollywood is considered the "East" side for Westsiders and Valley folks.

To me, parts of Downtown are included in the "Eastside", although Downtown is sort of a unique "bubble" inside of both the "Eastside" and "Southside" of LA.

For me, the Borders of the "Eastside" are everything East of Vermont and South of Franklin, all the way to (and including) Alhambra, stopping at (and not including) San Gabriel. The Eastside does not, however, extend south of Wilshire, which to me becomes Mid-City and the Southside.

Furthermore, the Eastside also stretches diagonally (on it's southern border) from Wilshire and Vermont, through Downtown, and includes the areas Westlake, Boyle Heights, East LA, and Monterrey Park, stopping at (and not including) Montebello.

Just my .02. Either way, I think the debate itself celebrates the cultural and historical significance of the area which is so rich and vibrant in its diversity.

After musicians stop in at Candelas in search of beautiful guitars, they head over to La Casa del Mariachi to have their mariachi suits custom tailored by El Maestro, Jorge Tello, just a few doors down from Mariachi Plaza. The tailor hails originally from Guatemala, where he was discovered in his father's shop by a visiting mariachi tailor from Los Angeles. He's been making mariachi suits in Boyle Heights since 1984. Tello isn't the only tailor who makes charro suits in LA, but his work is considered the haute couture of mariachi-wear, worn by musical royalty.

Mexican Americans and other Latinos live all over Los Angeles, but there are a few iconic neighborhoods where you will feel like you are in Mexico or get to know the particular Mexican-infused culture specific to LA.

Boyle Heights, just east of Downtown, where the three attractions above are located, is an interesting combination of 3rd and 4th generation Angelenos of Mexican descent who don't speak Spanish and new immigrants. It has been going through a revival in the last few years. Among many restaurants, bars and shops, the touristy El Mercadito de Los Angeles is an indoor Mexican mall with lots of snack vendors and a very large restaurant upstairs known for its weekday mariachi music.

Broadway in Downtown LA south of the high-rise buildings could be Mexico City or Guadalajara. All the signs are in Spanish and there are throngs of people on the sidewalks buying and selling merchandise. Interspersed between them you'll find some historic movie palaces in various stages of religious use, disrepair or renovation.

The Macarthur Park/Alvarado Street area is not exactly thought of as a tourist destination, but it's kind of interesting to drive through. On summer weekends and some evenings you can join local families gathered for free concerts and festivals at Macarthur Park. You may recognize the park with the pretty little lake from the numerous crime dramas where someone meets a guy here to get a fake ID, but a visible police presence has significantly reduced crime in the area, especially during events.

The first edition of LGBT-focused magazine The Advocate (then more of a newsletter) was published in 1967. The issue was mimeographed (under the radar, of course) in the basement of what was then ABC Television Studios West, now Prospect Studios.

Tom of Finland was name that Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen used when he first started submitting his homoerotic art to magazines popular among gay, male readers. This house in Echo Park eventually became his home, and his presence drew notable gay artists such as John Waters and Robert Maplethorpe to the home as well, which became a gathering place.

Tom of Finland went on to have appreciation for his art grow, and exhibited his work in museums like LACMA. His work, showing strong, virile men, was considered especially important in the 1980s, when the AIDS epidemic meant that the prevailing image of gay men was the opposite of muscular and healthy.

The house is now the home of the Tom of Finland Foundation, an archive for homoerotic art. Just last year, for its connection to Tom of Finland and its merits as a turn-of-the-century Craftsman house, the Tom of Finland house received city Historic-Cultural Monument status. In a letter of support for the house receiving this designation, the West Coast editor of Architectural Digest wrote that Laaksonen's artwork "one of the most important forces in the evolution of gay culture in the 20th century."

Rainfall and Landslides in Southern California

A summary of recent and past landslides and debris flows caused by rainfall in Southern California.

Bluebird Canyon landslide, June 1, 2005, near Laguna Beach, California that caused 350 homes to be evacuated, of which 15 were damaged or destroyed. The movement was most likely caused by heavy rains in January and February 2005.

(Credit: Jim Bowers, USGS. Public domain.)

Like the northern part of the state, southern California is well known to be susceptible to landslides (see Preliminary soil-slip susceptibility maps, southwestern California - Open-File Report 2003-17). Some are triggered by earthquakes, but more frequently landslides are caused by intense and/or prolonged rainfall. Some, but not all, of the major winter storms that have caused landslide fatalities and property damage in southern California have occurred during El Niño (1997-98 info) conditions.

The USGS has a long history of research to identify landslide hazards in southern California (see Southern California Landslides—An Overview - Fact Sheet 2005-3107). Below is a summary of reports and maps to identify hazards associated with different types of landslides in this part of the state.

These reports and maps can be used as examples of what may occur during the upcoming 2015-2016 El Niño season if heavy precipitation occurs.

A large landslide that transformed into debris flow and recent smaller landslides west of Santa Paula, CA. These landslides were triggered by strong winter storms in 2005.

(Credit: Mark Reid and Jonathan Godt, USGS. Public domain.)

    (Misc Field Studies Map 471) (Misc Field Studies Map 1455) (Misc Field Studies Map 1167) (Prof Paper 851) (Open-File Report 2003-17) (Misc Field Studies Map 1867) (Open-File Report 2015-1067) (Open-File Report 2010-1312)

Shallow Landslides and Debris Flows

Shallow landsides are generally less than (3-5 m) (10-15 ft) in depth and can transform into rapidly moving debris flows. Previous work at the USGS has identified both the areas of southwestern California most susceptible to shallow landslides and the rainfall conditions required to trigger slope failures. Maps displaying where shallow landslides are most likely to occur are based on observation of previous landslide activity, topographic slope, and information on the bedrock material (see Preliminary soil-slip susceptibility maps, southwestern California - Open-File Report 2003-17).

Shallow landslides can occur at any time during the winter, but are more likely happen when the ground is nearly saturated. In southern California, at least 25 cm (10 in) of rainfall during the winter is needed to nearly saturate the ground. After this point, a rain burst of 5-6 mm (0.2 to 0.25 in) in one hour has been observed to trigger abundant shallow landslides (see Landslides in Santa Monica Mountains and Vicinity - Prof Paper 851).

Deep-seated Landslides

View of the La Conchita landslide taken January 14, 2005. The light-colored, exposed rock in the upper part of the photograph is the main scarp of the 1995 slide. The southeast part of the 1995 deposit (right side of photograph) remobilized in 2005.

(Credit: Randy Jibson, USGS. Public domain.)

Deep-seated landslides are generally greater than 3-5 m (10-15 ft) deep. Deep-seated landslides can be triggered by deep infiltration of rainfall, which can take weeks or months to occur. Some move slowly, while others can move rapidly with little notice. The La Conchita landslide in Ventura County is an example of a deep-seated landslide that has experienced both styles of movement (see Landslide Hazards at La Conchita, California - Open-File Report 2015-1067). In 1995, after an exceptionally wet winter, the landslide moved tens of meters (tens of yards) damaging nine houses. In 2005, after a 15-day period of near-record rainfall, a larger area failed rapidly, remobilizing part of the 1995 slide. The catastrophic movement of the 2005 landslide damaged or destroyed 36 houses and killed 10 people.

Recent Burned Areas

2014 Colby Fire above Glendora, CA. This same area experienced widespread post-fire debris flows following a major winter storm in 1969.

(Credit: Dennis Staley, USGS. Public domain.)

Steep, recently burned areas in southern California are especially susceptible to debris flows (see Southern California–Wildfires and Debris Flows - Fact Sheet 2001-3106). Even modest rain storms during normal, non-El Niño years can trigger post-wildfire debris flows. The USGS has conducted hazard assessments for post-wildfire debris flows for four recent fires in southern CA, as well as numerous fires across the Western U.S. including central and northern California.

In southern CA, the USGS has also identified the rainfall conditions required to trigger post-wildfire debris flows. NOAA uses this information to provide early warning for debris flows in areas affected by the fire.

Coastal Cliff Erosion

Coastal cliffs are subject to wave action as well as precipitation-induced seepage. These examples from both northern and southern California showcase several different styles of failure.

(Credit: Brian Collins, USGS. Public domain.)

Many areas of coastal California are subject to cliff erosion and coastal landslides (see new research on El Niño coastal hazards in California). Hazards from these types of landslides can occur both at the bottom of cliffs (from burial) and at the tops of cliffs (from falling over). During the winter season in California, beaches typically erode thereby allowing waves to reach further inland and to inundate the bottoms of coastal cliffs. Wave energy is also typically higher during the winter, and particularly during El Niño events, thereby exacerbating the potential for coastal erosion. Coastal cliff failures may also occur simply as a result of heightened precipitation as well – wave action makes cliffs inherently unstable, and rainfall may be the ultimate trigger for failure, even during times with little to no wave action.

During and just after storms, existing coastal landslides may become reactivated and seemingly stable coastal cliffs may erode and fail rapidly. Background rates of coastal cliff erosion are variable along the California coast (see National Assessment of Shoreline Change Part 4: Historical Coastal Cliff Retreat along the California Coast - Open File Report 2007-1133) and tied to the rock or soil strength of the cliffs among other factors, but these measurements of historic coastal cliff retreat provide indications of places most susceptible to coastal landslides.



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